Article 51-58 Uganda Constitution 1995

National Objectives and Directive Principles of State Policy Preamble Article 1-4 [Chapter 1 – The Constitution] Article 5-8A [Chapter 2 – The Republic] Article 9-19 [Chapter 3 – Citizenship] Article 20 (Fundamental and other human rights and freedoms) Article 21 (Equality and freedom from discrimination) Article 22 (Protection of right to life) Article 23 (Protection of personal liberty) Article 24 (Respect for human dignity and protection from inhuman treatment) Article 25 (Protection from slavery, servitude and forced labour) Article 26 (Protection from deprivation of property) Article 27 (Right to privacy of person, home and other property) Article 28 (Right to a fair hearing) Article 29 (Protection of freedom of conscience, expression, movement, religion, assembly and association) Article 30 (Right to education) Article 31 (Rights of the family) Article 32 (Affirmative action in favour of marginalised groups) Article 33 (Rights of women) Article 34 (Rights of children) Article 35 (Rights of persons with disabilities) Article 36 (Protection of rights of minorities) Article 37 (Right to culture and similar rights) Article 38 (Civic rights and activities) Article 39 (Right to a clean and healthy environment) Article 40 (Economic rights) Article 41 (Right of access to information) Article 42 (Right to just and fair treatment in administrative decisions) Article 43 (General limitation on fundamental and other human rights and freedoms) Article 44 (Prohibition of derogation from particular human rights and freedoms) Article 45 (Human rights and freedoms additional to other rights) Article 46-49 (Human Rights and Freedoms During a State of Emergency) Article 50 (Enforcement of Rights and Freedoms by Courts) Article 51-58 (Uganda Human Rights Commission) Article 59 (Right to vote) Article 60-68 (Electoral Commission) Article 69-76 (Political Systems & General) Article 77-87A (Establishment Composition and Functions of Parliament) Article 88-97 (Procedure of Parliament & General) Article 98-110 (The President) Article 111-119A (The Cabinet) Article 120-125 Article 126-136 Article 137-145 Article 146-151 Article 152-160 [FINANCE – General] Article 161-164 [Central Bank of Uganda & Auditor-General] Article 165-175 [Chapter 10 – The Public Service] Article 176-189 Article 190-200 Article 201-207 Article 208-217 Article 218-222 Article 223-232 [Chapter 13 – Inspectorate of Government] Article 233-236 [Chapter 14 – Leadership Code of Conduct] Article 237-245 [Chapter 15 – Leadership Code of Conduct] Article 246 [Chapter 16 – Institution of traditional or cultural leaders] Article 247-257 Article 258-262 (Amendment of the Constitution) Article 263-274 Article 275-288 Article 289-294 First Schedule Second Schedule Third Schedule Forth Schedule Fifth Schedule Sixth Schedule Seventh Schedule

Article 51-58 Uganda Constitution 1995

Article 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, and 58 of the Uganda Constitution 1995 is under ‘Uganda Human Rights Commission’ of Chapter 4 of the Constitution. Chapter 4 is titled ‘Protection and promotion of fundamental and other human rights and freedoms‘.

Article 51 Uganda Constitution 1995

Uganda Human Rights Commission

(1) There shall be a commission called the Uganda Human Rights Commission.
(2) The commission shall be composed of a chairperson and not less than three other persons appointed by the President with the approval of Parliament.
(3) The chairperson of the commission shall be a judge of the High Court or a person qualified to hold that office.
(4) The chairperson and members of the commission shall be persons of high moral character and proven integrity and shall serve for a period of six years and be eligible for reappointment.

Article 52 Uganda Constitution 1995

Functions of the Human Rights Commission

(1) The commission shall have the following functions—
(a) to investigate, at its own initiative or on a complaint made by any person or group of persons against the violation of any human right;
(b) to visit jails, prisons, and places of detention or related facilities with a view to assessing and inspecting conditions of the inmates and make recommendations;
(c) to establish a continuing programme of research, education and information to enhance respect of human rights;
(d) to recommend to Parliament effective measures to promote human rights, including provision of compensation to victims of violations of human rights or their families;
(e) to create and sustain within society the awareness of the provisions of this Constitution as the fundamental law of the people of Uganda;
(f) to educate and encourage the public to defend this Constitution at all times against all forms of abuse and violation;
(g) to formulate, implement and oversee programmes intended to inculcate in the citizens of Uganda awareness of their civic responsibilities and an appreciation of their rights and obligations as free people;
(h) to monitor the Government’s compliance with international treaty and convention obligations on human rights; and
(i) to perform such other functions as may be provided by law.

(2) The Uganda Human Rights Commission shall publish periodic reports on its findings and submit annual reports to Parliament on the state of human rights and freedoms in the country.

See also  Article 233-236 Uganda Constitution 1995

(3) In the performance of its functions, the Uganda Human Rights
Commission shall—
(a) establish its operational guidelines and rules of procedure;
(b) request the assistance of any department, bureau, office, agency or person in the performance of its functions; and
(c) observe the rules of natural justice.

Article 53 Uganda Constitution 1995

Powers of the commission

(1) In the performance of its functions, the commission shall have the powers of a court—
(a) to issue summons or other orders requiring the attendance of any person before the commission and the production of any document or record relevant to any investigation by the commission;
(b) to question any person in respect of any subject matter under investigation before the commission;
(c) to require any person to disclose any information within his or her knowledge relevant to any investigation by the commission; and
(d) to commit persons for contempt of its orders.

(2) The commission may, if satisfied that there has been an infringement of a human right or freedom, order—
(a) the release of a detained or restricted person;
(b) payment of compensation; or
(c) any other legal remedy or redress.

(3) A person or authority dissatisfied with an order made by the commission under clause (2) of this article has a right to appeal to the High Court.

(4) The commission shall not investigate—
(a) any matter which is pending before a court or judicial tribunal;
(b) a matter involving the relations or dealings between the Government and the Government of any foreign State or international organisation; or
(c) a matter relating to the exercise of the prerogative of mercy.

See also  Article 98-110 Uganda Constitution 1995

Article 54 Uganda Constitution 1995

Independence of the commission

Subject to this Constitution, the commission shall be independent and shall not, in the performance of its duties, be subject to the direction or control of any person or authority.

Article 55 Uganda Constitution 1995

Expenses of the commission

(1) The commission shall be self-accounting and all the administrative expenses of the commission, including salaries, allowances and pensions payable to persons serving with the commission, shall be charged on the Consolidated Fund.

(2) The chairperson and other members of the commission shall be paid such salaries and allowances as Parliament may prescribe.

Article 56 Uganda Constitution 1995

Removal of commissioners

The provisions of this Constitution relating to the removal of a judge of the High Court from office shall, with the necessary modifications, apply to the removal from office of a member of the commission.

Article 57 Uganda Constitution 1995

Staff of the commission

The appointment of the officers and other employees of the commission shall be made by the commission in consultation with the Public Service Commission.

Article 58 Uganda Constitution 1995

Parliament to make laws regarding functions of the commission

Parliament may make laws to regulate and facilitate the performance of the functions of the Uganda Human Rights Commission.

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