Article 101-104 Indian Constitution 1949 (with amendments)

Preamble Article 1-4 (THE UNION AND ITS TERRITORY) Article 5-11 (CITIZENSHIP) Article 12-13 (General) Article 14-18 (Right to Equality) Article 19-22 (Right to Freedom) Article 23-24 (Right against Exploitation) Article 25-28 (Right to Freedom of Religion) Article 29-31 (Cultural and Educational Rights) Article 31A-31D (Saving of Certain Laws) Article 32-35 (Right to Constitutional Remedies) Article 36-43B Article 44-51 Article 51A (Fundamental duties) Article 52-61 Article 62-71 Article 72-78 Article 79-88 Article 89-98 (Officers of Parliament) Article 99-100 (Conduct of Business) Article 101-104 (Disqualifications of Members) Article 105-106 (Powers, Privileges and Immunities of Parliament and its Member) Article 107-111 (Legislative Procedure) Article 112-117 (Procedure in Financial Matters) Article 118-122 (Procedure Generally) Article 123 (Power of President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Parliament) Article 124-131A Article 132-139A Article 140-147 Article 148-151 (COMPTROLLER AND AUDITOR-GENERAL OF INDIA) Article 152-162 Article 163-167 Article 168-177 (THE STATE LEGISLATURE – General) Article 178-187 (Officers of the State Legislature) Article 188-195 Article 196-201 (Legislative Procedure) Article 202-207 (Procedure in Financial Matters) Article 208-212 (Procedure Generally ) Article 213 (Power of Governor to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Legislature) Article 214-223 Article 224-232 Article 233-237 (SUBORDINATE COURTS ) Article 238-242 Article 243-243G Article 243H-243O Article 243P-243Y Article 243Z-243ZG Article 243ZH-243ZT Article 244-244A (THE SCHEDULED AND TRIBAL AREAS) Article 245-255 (Distribution of Legislative Powers) Article 256-263 Article 264-267 (FINANCE – General) Article 268-281 (Distribution of Revenues between the Union and the States) Article 282-291 (Miscellaneous financial provisions) Article 292-293 (BORROWING) Article 294-300 (Miscellaneous financial provisions) Article 300A-307 Article 308-314 Article 315-323 Article 323A-329A (TRIBUNALS) Article 330-336 (Miscellaneous financial provisions) Article 337-342A (Miscellaneous financial provisions) Article 343-351 (OFFICIAL LANGUAGE) Article 352-360 (EMERGENCY PROVISIONS) Article 361-367 (MISCELLANEOUS) Article 368-371J Article 372-392 Article 393-395 First Schedule Second Schedule Third Schedule Fourth Schedule Fifth Schedule Sixth Schedule Seventh Schedule Eighth Schedule Ninth Schedule Tenth Schedule Eleventh Schedule Twelfth Schedule

Article 101-104 Indian Constitution 1949

Article 101, 102, 103, 104 of the Constitution of India 1949 are under Disqualifications of Members of Chapter II (PARLIAMENT) of Part V of the Constitution. Part V is titled ‘THE UNION’.

Article 101 Indian Constitution 1949

Vacation of seats

(1) No person shall be a member of both Houses of Parliament and provision
shall be made by Parliament by law for the vacation by a person who is chosen a member of both Houses of his seat in one House or the other.

(2) No person shall be a member both of Parliament and of a House of the Legislature of a State ***, and if a person is chosen a member both of Parliament and of a House of the Legislature of [a State], then, at the expiration of such period as may be specified in rules4 made by the President, that person’s seat in Parliament shall become vacant, unless he has previously resigned his seat in the Legislature of the State.

(3) If a member of either House of Parliament—
(a) becomes subject to any of the disqualifications mentioned in 5 [clause (1) or clause (2) of article 102], or
[(b) resigns his seat by writing under his hand addressed to the Chairman or the Speaker, as the case may be, and his resignation is accepted by the Chairman or the Speaker, as the case may be,] his seat shall thereupon become vacant:

[Provided that in the case of any resignation referred to in sub-clause (b), if from information received or otherwise and after making such inquiry as he thinks fit, the Chairman or the Speaker, as the case may be, is satisfied that such resignation is not voluntary or genuine, he shall not accept such resignation.]

See also  Article 31A-31D Indian Constitution 1949 (with amendments)

(4) If for a period of sixty days a member of either House of Parliament is without permission of the House absent from all meetings thereof, the House may declare his seat vacant:
Provided that in computing the said period of sixty days no account shall be taken of any period during which the House is prorogued or is adjourned for more than four consecutive days.

Article 102 Indian Constitution 1949

Disqualifications for membership

(1) A person shall be disqualified for being chosen as, and for being, a member of either House of Parliament—
[(a) if he holds any office of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any State, other than an office declared by Parliament by law not to disqualify its holder;]
(b) if he is of unsound mind and stands so declared by a competent court;
(c) if he is an undischarged insolvent;
(d) if he is not a citizen of India, or has voluntarily acquired the citizenship of a foreign State, or is under any acknowledgment of allegiance or adherence to a foreign State;
(e) if he is so disqualified by or under any law made by Parliament.

[Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause a person shall not be deemed to hold an office of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any State by reason only that he is a Minister either for the Union or for such State.]

[(2) A person shall be disqualified for being a member of either House of Parliament if he is so disqualified under the Tenth Schedule.]

Article 103 Indian Constitution 1949

Decision on questions as to disqualifications of members

See also  Article 264-267 Indian Constitution 1949 (with amendments)

(1) If any question arises as to whether a member of either House of Parliament has become subject to any of the disqualifications mentioned in clause (1) of article 102, the question shall be referred for the decision of the President and his decision shall be final.

(2) Before giving any decision on any such question, the President shall obtain the opinion of the Election Commission and shall act according to such opinion.]

Article 104 Indian Constitution 1949

Penalty for sitting and voting before making oath or affirmation under article 99 or when not qualified or when disqualified

If a person sits or votes as a member of either House of Parliament before he has complied with the requirements of article 99, or when he knows that he is not qualified or that he is disqualified for membership thereof, or that he is prohibited from so doing by the provisions of any law made by Parliament, he shall be liable in respect of each day on which he so sits or votes to a penalty of five hundred rupees to be recovered as a debt due to the Union.


See also:

Article 99-100 Indian Constitution 1949 (Conduct of Business)

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