Article 245-255 Indian Constitution 1949 (with amendments)

Preamble Article 1-4 (THE UNION AND ITS TERRITORY) Article 5-11 (CITIZENSHIP) Article 12-13 (General) Article 14-18 (Right to Equality) Article 19-22 (Right to Freedom) Article 23-24 (Right against Exploitation) Article 25-28 (Right to Freedom of Religion) Article 29-31 (Cultural and Educational Rights) Article 31A-31D (Saving of Certain Laws) Article 32-35 (Right to Constitutional Remedies) Article 36-43B Article 44-51 Article 51A (Fundamental duties) Article 52-61 Article 62-71 Article 72-78 Article 79-88 Article 89-98 (Officers of Parliament) Article 99-100 (Conduct of Business) Article 101-104 (Disqualifications of Members) Article 105-106 (Powers, Privileges and Immunities of Parliament and its Member) Article 107-111 (Legislative Procedure) Article 112-117 (Procedure in Financial Matters) Article 118-122 (Procedure Generally) Article 123 (Power of President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Parliament) Article 124-131A Article 132-139A Article 140-147 Article 148-151 (COMPTROLLER AND AUDITOR-GENERAL OF INDIA) Article 152-162 Article 163-167 Article 168-177 (THE STATE LEGISLATURE – General) Article 178-187 (Officers of the State Legislature) Article 188-195 Article 196-201 (Legislative Procedure) Article 202-207 (Procedure in Financial Matters) Article 208-212 (Procedure Generally ) Article 213 (Power of Governor to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Legislature) Article 214-223 Article 224-232 Article 233-237 (SUBORDINATE COURTS ) Article 238-242 Article 243-243G Article 243H-243O Article 243P-243Y Article 243Z-243ZG Article 243ZH-243ZT Article 244-244A (THE SCHEDULED AND TRIBAL AREAS) Article 245-255 (Distribution of Legislative Powers) Article 256-263 Article 264-267 (FINANCE – General) Article 268-281 (Distribution of Revenues between the Union and the States) Article 282-291 (Miscellaneous financial provisions) Article 292-293 (BORROWING) Article 294-300 (Miscellaneous financial provisions) Article 300A-307 Article 308-314 Article 315-323 Article 323A-329A (TRIBUNALS) Article 330-336 (Miscellaneous financial provisions) Article 337-342A (Miscellaneous financial provisions) Article 343-351 (OFFICIAL LANGUAGE) Article 352-360 (EMERGENCY PROVISIONS) Article 361-367 (MISCELLANEOUS) Article 368-371J Article 372-392 Article 393-395 First Schedule Second Schedule Third Schedule Fourth Schedule Fifth Schedule Sixth Schedule Seventh Schedule Eighth Schedule Ninth Schedule Tenth Schedule Eleventh Schedule Twelfth Schedule Appendix I-IV (Not available)

Article 245-255 Indian Constitution 1949

Article 245, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255 of the Constitution of India 1949 are under Chapter I (LEGISLATIVE RELATIONS) of Part XI (RELATIONS BETWEEN THE UNION AND THE STATES) of the Constitution.

Distribution of Legislative Powers

Article 245 Indian Constitution 1949

Extent of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, Parliament may make laws for the whole or any part of the territory of India, and the Legislature of a State may make laws for the whole or any part of the State.

(2) No law made by Parliament shall be deemed to be invalid on the ground that it would have extraterritorial operation.

Article 246 Indian Constitution 1949

Subject-matter of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States

(1) Notwithstanding anything in clauses (2) and (3), Parliament has exclusive power to make laws with respect to any of the matters enumerated in List I in the Seventh Schedule (in this Constitution referred to as the “Union List”).

See also  Article 213 Indian Constitution 1949 (with amendments)

(2) Notwithstanding anything in clause (3), Parliament, and, subject to clause (1), the Legislature of any State also, have power to make laws with respect to any of the matters enumerated in List III in the Seventh Schedule (in this Constitution referred to as the “Concurrent List”).

(3) Subject to clauses (1) and (2), the Legislature of any State has exclusive power to make laws for such State or any part thereof with respect to any of the matters enumerated in List II in the Seventh Schedule (in this Constitution referred to as the “State List”).

(4) Parliament has power to make laws with respect to any matter for any part of the territory of India not included [in a State] notwithstanding that such matter is a matter enumerated in the State List.

Article 246A Indian Constitution 1949

Special provision with respect to goods and services tax

(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in articles 246 and 254, Parliament, and, subject to clause (2), the Legislature of every State, have power to make laws with respect to goods and services tax imposed by the Union or by such State.

(2) Parliament has exclusive power to make laws with respect to goods and services tax where the supply of goods, or of services, or both takes place in the course of inter-State trade or commerce.

Explanation.—The provisions of this article, shall, in respect of goods and services tax referred to in clause (5) of article 279A, take effect from the date recommended by the Goods and Services Tax Council.]

Article 247 Indian Constitution 1949

Power of Parliament to provide for the establishment of certain additional courts

Notwithstanding anything in this Chapter, Parliament may by law provide for the establishment of any additional courts for the better administration of laws made by Parliament or of any existing laws with respect to a matter enumerated in the Union List.

Article 248 Indian Constitution 1949

Residuary powers of legislation

(1) [Subject to article 246A, Parliament] has exclusive power
to make any law with respect to any matter not enumerated in the Concurrent List or State List.

(2) Such power shall include the power of making any law imposing a tax not mentioned in either of those Lists.

Article 249 Indian Constitution 1949

Power of Parliament to legislate with respect to a matter in the State List in the national interest

(1) Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing provisions of this Chapter, if the Council of States has declared by resolution supported by not less than two-thirds of the members present and voting that it is necessary or expedient in the national interest that Parliament should make laws with respect to [goods and services tax provided under article 246A or] any matter enumerated in the State List specified in the resolution, it shall be lawful for Parliament to make laws for the whole or any part of the territory of India with respect to that matter while the resolution remains in force.

(2) A resolution passed under clause (1) shall remain in force for such period not exceeding one year as may be specified therein:

Provided that, if and so often as a resolution approving the continuance in force of any such resolution is passed in the manner provided in clause (1), such resolution shall continue in force for a further period of one year from the date on which under this clause it would otherwise have ceased to be in force.

See also  First Schedule Indian Constitution 1949

(3) A law made by Parliament which Parliament would not but for the passing of a resolution under clause (1) have been competent to make shall, to the extent of the incompetency, cease to have effect on the expiration of a period of six months after the resolution has ceased to be in force, except as respects things done or omitted to be done before the expiration of the said period.

Article 250 Indian Constitution 1949

Power of Parliament to legislate with respect to any matter in the State List if a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation

(1) Notwithstanding anything in this Chapter, Parliament shall, while a
Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, have power to make laws for the whole or any part of the territory of India with respect to [goods and services tax provided under article 246A or] any of the matters enumerated in the State List.

(2) A law made by Parliament which Parliament would not but for the issue of a Proclamation of Emergency have been competent to make shall, to the extent of the incompetency, cease to have effect on the expiration of a period of six months after the Proclamation has ceased to operate, except as respects things done or omitted to be done before the expiration of the said period.

Article 251 Indian Constitution 1949

Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament under articles 249 and 250 and laws made by the Legislatures of States

Nothing in articles 249 and 250 shall restrict the power of the Legislature of a State to make any law which under this Constitution it has power to make, but if any provision of a law made by the Legislature of a State is repugnant to any provision of a law made by Parliament which Parliament has under either of the said articles power to make, the law made by Parliament, whether passed before or after the law made by the Legislature of the State, shall prevail, and the law made by the Legislature of the State shall to the extent of the repugnancy, but so long only as the law made by Parliament continues to have effect, be inoperative.

Article 252 Indian Constitution 1949

Power of Parliament to legislate for two or more States by consent and adoption of such legislation by any other State

(1) If it appears to the Legislatures of two or more States to be desirable that any of the matters with respect to which Parliament has no power to make laws for the States except as provided in articles 249 and 250 should be regulated in such States by Parliament by law, and if resolutions to that effect are passed by all the Houses of the Legislatures of those States, it shall be lawful for Parliament to pass an act for regulating that matter accordingly, and any Act so passed shall apply to such States and to any other State by which it is adopted afterwards by resolution passed in that behalf by the House or, where there are two Houses, by each of the Houses of the Legislature of that State.

See also  Article 343-351 Indian Constitution 1949 (with amendments)

(2) Any Act so passed by Parliament may be amended or repealed by an Act of Parliament passed or adopted in like manner but shall not, as respects any State to which it applies, be amended or repealed by an Act of the Legislature of that State.

Article 253 Indian Constitution 1949

Legislation for giving effect to international agreements

Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing provisions of this Chapter, Parliament has power to make any law for the whole or any part of the territory of India for implementing any treaty, agreement or convention with any other country or countries or any decision made at any international conference, association or other body.

Article 254 Indian Constitution 1949

Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament and laws made by the Legislatures of States

(1) If any provision of a law made by the Legislature of a State is repugnant to any provision of a law made by Parliament which Parliament is competent to enact, or to any provision of an existing law with respect to one of the matters enumerated in the Concurrent List, then, subject to the provisions of clause (2), the law made by Parliament, whether passed before or after the law made by the Legislature of such State, or, as the case may be, the existing law, shall prevail and the law made by the Legislature of the State shall, to the extent of the repugnancy, be void.

(2) Where a law made by the Legislature of a State with respect to one of the matters enumerated in the Concurrent List contains any provision repugnant to the provisions of an earlier law made by Parliament or an existing law with respect to that matter, then, the law so made by the Legislature of such State shall, if it has been reserved for the consideration of the President and has received his assent, prevail
in that State:

Provided that nothing in this clause shall prevent Parliament from enacting at any time any law with respect to the same matter including a law adding to, amending, varying or repealing the law so made by the Legislature of the State.

Article 255 Indian Constitution 1949

Requirements as to recommendations and previous sanctions to be regarded as matters of procedure only

No Act of Parliament or of the Legislature of a State, and no provision in any such Act, shall be invalid by reason only that some recommendation or previous sanction required by this Constitution was not given, if assent to that Act was given—
(a) where the recommendation required was that of the Governor, either by the Governor or by the President;
(b) where the recommendation required was that of the Rajpramukh, either by the Rajpramukh or by the President;
(c) where the recommendation or previous sanction required was that of the President, by the President.


See also:

Article 256-263 Indian Constitution 1949 (ADMINISTRATIVE RELATIONS)

Article 244-244A Indian Constitution 1949 (THE SCHEDULED AND TRIBAL AREAS)

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