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Home » Canada » Section 30 Canadian Evidence Act 1985

Section 30 Canadian Evidence Act 1985

OTHER CANADIAN LAWS 1. Short title. 2. Application. 3. Interest or crime. 4. Accused and spouse. 5. Incriminating questions. 6. Evidence of person with physical disability. 6.1 Identification of accused. 7. Expert witnesses. 8. Handwriting comparison. 9. Adverse witnesses. 10. Cross-examination as to previous statements. 11. Cross-examination as to previous oral statements. 12. Examination as to previous convictions. 13. Who may administer oaths. 14. Solemn affirmation by witness instead of oath. 15. Solemn affirmation by deponent. 16. Witness whose capacity is in question. 16.1 Person under fourteen years of age. 17. Imperial Acts, etc. 18. Acts of Canada. 19. Copies by Queen’s Printer. 20. Imperial proclamations, etc. 21. Proclamations, etc., of Governor General. 22. Proclamations, etc., of lieutenant governor. 23. Evidence of judicial proceedings, etc. 24. Certified copies. 25. Books and documents. 26. Books kept in offices under Government of Canada. 27. Notarial acts in Quebec. 28. Notice of production of book or document. 29. Copies of entries. 30. Business records to be admitted in evidence. 31. Definitions. 31.1 Authentication of electronic documents. 31.2 Application of best evidence rule — electronic documents. 31.3 Presumption of integrity. 31.4 Presumptions regarding secure electronic signatures. 31.5 Standards may be considered. 31.6 Proof by affidavit. 31.7 Application. 31.8 Definitions. 32. Order signed by Secretary of State. 33. Proof of handwriting of person certifying. 34. Attesting witness. 35. Impounding of forged instrument. 36. Construction. 36.1 Definition of official. 37. Objection to disclosure of information. 37.1 Appeal to court of appeal. 37.2 Limitation periods for appeals to Supreme Court of Canada. 37.21 [Repealed, 2004, c. 12, s. 18] 37.3 Protection of right to a fair trial. 38. Definitions. 38.01 Notice to Attorney General of Canada. 38.02 Disclosure prohibited. 38.03 Authorization by Attorney General of Canada. 38.031 Disclosure agreement. 38.04 Application to Federal Court — Attorney General of Canada. 38.05 Report relating to proceedings. 38.06 Disclosure order. 38.07 Notice of order. 38.08 Automatic review. 38.09 Appeal to Federal Court of Appeal. 38.1 Limitation periods for appeals to Supreme Court of Canada. 38.11 Special rules — hearing in private. 38.12 Protective order. 38.13 Certificate of Attorney General of Canada. 38.131 Application for review of certificate. 38.14 Protection of right to a fair trial. 38.15 Fiat. 38.16 Regulations. 38.17 Annual report. 39. Objection relating to a confidence of the Queen’s Privy Council. 39.1 Definitions. 40. How applicable. 41. Solemn declaration. 42. Affidavits, etc. 43. Foreign courts. 44. Definitions. 45. Construction. 46. Order for examination of witness in Canada. 47. Enforcement of the order. 48. Expenses and conduct money. 49. Administering oath. 50. Right of refusal to answer or produce document. 51. Rules of court. 52. Application of this Part. 53. Oaths taken abroad. 54. Documents to be admitted in evidence. SCHEDULE – Designated Entities

Section 30 Canadian Evidence Act

Section 30 Canadian Evidence Act 1985 is about Business records to be admitted in evidence. It is under Documentary Evidence of Part I of the act. The Evidence Act of Canada is an Act respecting witnesses and evidence.

See also  Section 21 Canadian Evidence Act 1985

Business records to be admitted in evidence

(1) Where oral evidence in respect of a matter would be admissible in a legal proceeding, a record made in the usual and ordinary course of business that contains information in respect of that matter is admissible in evidence under this section in the legal proceeding on production of the record.

Inference where information not in business record

(2) Where a record made in the usual and ordinary course of business does not contain information in respect of a matter the occurrence or existence of which might reasonably be expected to be recorded in that record, the court may on production of the record admit the record for the purpose of establishing that fact and may draw the inference that the matter did not occur or exist.

Copy of records

(3) Where it is not possible or reasonably practicable to produce any record described in subsection (1) or (2), a copy of the record accompanied by two documents, one that is made by a person who states why it is not possible or reasonably practicable to produce the record and one that sets out the source from which the copy was made, that attests to the copy’s authenticity and that is made by the person who made the copy, is admissible in evidence under this section in the same manner as if it were the original of the record if each document is

(a) an affidavit of each of those persons sworn before a commissioner or other person authorized to take affidavits; or

(b) a certificate or other statement pertaining to the record in which the person attests that the certificate or statement is made in conformity with the laws of a foreign state, whether or not the certificate or statement is in the form of an affidavit attested to before an official of the foreign state.

Where record kept in form requiring explanation

(4) Where production of any record or of a copy of any record described in subsection (1) or (2) would not convey to the court the information contained in the record by reason of its having been kept in a form that requires explanation, a transcript of the explanation of the record or copy prepared by a person qualified to make the explanation is admissible in evidence under this section in the same manner as if it were the original of the record if it is accompanied by a document that sets out the person’s qualifications to make the explanation, attests to the accuracy of the explanation, and is

See also  Section 2 Canadian Constitution Act 1982 (Charter of Rights and Freedoms)

(a) an affidavit of that person sworn before a commissioner or other person authorized to take affidavits; or

(b) a certificate or other statement pertaining to the record in which the person attests that the certificate or statement is made in conformity with the laws of a foreign state, whether or not the certificate or statement is in the form of an affidavit attested to before an official of the foreign state.

Court may order other part of record to be produced

(5) Where part only of a record is produced under this section by any party, the court may examine any other part of the record and direct that, together with the part of the record previously so produced, the whole or any part of the other part thereof be produced by that party as the record produced by him.

Court may examine record and hear evidence

(6) For the purpose of determining whether any provision of this section applies, or for the purpose of determining the probative value, if any, to be given to information contained in any record admitted in evidence under this section, the court may, on production of any record, examine the record, admit any evidence in respect thereof given orally or by affidavit including evidence as to the circumstances in which the information contained in the record was written, recorded, stored or reproduced, and draw any reasonable inference from the form or content of the record.

Notice of intention to produce record or affidavit

(7) Unless the court orders otherwise, no record or affidavit shall be admitted in evidence under this section unless the party producing the record or affidavit has, at least seven days before its production, given notice of his intention to produce it to each other party to the legal proceeding and has, within five days after receiving any notice in that behalf given by any such party, produced it for inspection by that party.

Not necessary to prove signature and official character

(8) Where evidence is offered by affidavit under this section, it is not necessary to prove the signature or official character of the person making the affidavit if the official character of that person is set out in the body of the affidavit.

See also  Section 41 Canadian Human Rights Act 1985

Examination on record with leave of court

(9) Subject to section 4, any person who has or may reasonably be expected to have knowledge of the making or contents of any record produced or received in evidence under this section may, with leave of the court, be examined or cross-examined thereon by any party to the legal proceeding.

Evidence inadmissible under this section

(10) Nothing in this section renders admissible in evidence in any legal proceeding

(a) such part of any record as is proved to be

(i) a record made in the course of an investigation or inquiry,
(ii) a record made in the course of obtaining or giving legal advice or in contemplation of a legal proceeding,
(iii) a record in respect of the production of which any privilege exists and is claimed, or
(iv) a record of or alluding to a statement made by a person who is not, or if he were living and of sound mind would not be, competent and compellable to disclose in the legal proceeding a matter disclosed in the record;

(b) any record the production of which would be contrary to public policy; or

(c) any transcript or recording of evidence taken in the course of another legal proceeding.

Construction of this section

(11) The provisions of this section shall be deemed to be in addition to and not in derogation of

(a) any other provision of this or any other Act of Parliament respecting the admissibility in evidence of any record or the proof of any matter; or
(b) any existing rule of law under which any record is admissible in evidence or any matter may be proved.

Definitions

(12) In this section,

business means any business, profession, trade, calling, manufacture or undertaking of any kind carried on in Canada or elsewhere whether for profit or otherwise, including any activity or operation carried on or performed in Canada or elsewhere by any government, by any department, branch, board, commission or agency of any government, by any court or other tribunal or by any other body or authority performing a function of government; (affaires)

copy and photographic film, in relation to any record, includes a print, whether enlarged or not, from a photographic film of the record, and photographic film includes a photographic plate, microphotographic film or photostatic negative; (copie et pellicule photographique)

court means the court, judge, arbitrator or person before whom a legal proceeding is held or taken; (tribunal)

legal proceeding means any civil or criminal proceeding or inquiry in which evidence is or may be given, and includes an arbitration; (procédure judiciaire)

record includes the whole or any part of any book, document, paper, card, tape or other thing on or in which information is written, recorded, stored or reproduced, and, except for the purposes of subsections (3) and (4), any copy or transcript admitted in evidence under this section pursuant to subsection (3) or (4). (pièce)


See also:

Section 29 Canadian Evidence Act (Copies of entries)

Section 28 Canadian Evidence Act (Notice of production of book or document)

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