Canadian Evidence Act 1985 ↓
OTHER CANADIAN LAWS
1. Short title.
3. Interest or crime.
4. Accused and spouse.
5. Incriminating questions.
6. Evidence of person with physical disability.
6.1 Identification of accused.
7. Expert witnesses.
8. Handwriting comparison.
9. Adverse witnesses.
10. Cross-examination as to previous statements.
11. Cross-examination as to previous oral statements.
12. Examination as to previous convictions.
13. Who may administer oaths.
14. Solemn affirmation by witness instead of oath.
15. Solemn affirmation by deponent.
16. Witness whose capacity is in question.
16.1 Person under fourteen years of age.
17. Imperial Acts, etc.
18. Acts of Canada.
19. Copies by Queen’s Printer.
20. Imperial proclamations, etc.
21. Proclamations, etc., of Governor General.
22. Proclamations, etc., of lieutenant governor.
23. Evidence of judicial proceedings, etc.
24. Certified copies.
25. Books and documents.
26. Books kept in offices under Government of Canada.
27. Notarial acts in Quebec.
28. Notice of production of book or document.
29. Copies of entries.
30. Business records to be admitted in evidence.
31.1 Authentication of electronic documents.
31.2 Application of best evidence rule — electronic documents.
31.3 Presumption of integrity.
31.4 Presumptions regarding secure electronic signatures.
31.5 Standards may be considered.
31.6 Proof by affidavit.
32. Order signed by Secretary of State.
33. Proof of handwriting of person certifying.
34. Attesting witness.
35. Impounding of forged instrument.
36.1 Definition of official.
37. Objection to disclosure of information.
37.1 Appeal to court of appeal.
37.2 Limitation periods for appeals to Supreme Court of Canada.
37.21 [Repealed, 2004, c. 12, s. 18]
37.3 Protection of right to a fair trial.
38.01 Notice to Attorney General of Canada.
38.02 Disclosure prohibited.
38.03 Authorization by Attorney General of Canada.
38.031 Disclosure agreement.
38.04 Application to Federal Court — Attorney General of Canada.
38.05 Report relating to proceedings.
38.06 Disclosure order.
38.07 Notice of order.
38.08 Automatic review.
38.09 Appeal to Federal Court of Appeal.
38.1 Limitation periods for appeals to Supreme Court of Canada.
38.11 Special rules — hearing in private.
38.12 Protective order.
38.13 Certificate of Attorney General of Canada.
38.131 Application for review of certificate.
38.14 Protection of right to a fair trial.
38.17 Annual report.
39. Objection relating to a confidence of the Queen’s Privy Council.
40. How applicable.
41. Solemn declaration.
42. Affidavits, etc.
43. Foreign courts.
46. Order for examination of witness in Canada.
47. Enforcement of the order.
48. Expenses and conduct money.
49. Administering oath.
50. Right of refusal to answer or produce document.
51. Rules of court.
52. Application of this Part.
53. Oaths taken abroad.
54. Documents to be admitted in evidence.
SCHEDULE – Designated Entities
Section 31.2 Canadian Evidence Act
Section 31.2 Canadian Evidence Act 1985 is about Application of best evidence rule — electronic documents. It is under Documentary Evidence of Part I of the act. The Evidence Act of Canada is an Act respecting witnesses and evidence.
Application of best evidence rule — electronic documents
(1) The best evidence rule in respect of an electronic document is satisfied
(a) on proof of the integrity of the electronic documents system by or in which the electronic document was recorded or stored; or (b) if an evidentiary presumption established under section 31.4 applies.
(2) Despite subsection (1), in the absence of evidence to the contrary, an electronic document in the form of a printout satisfies the best evidence rule if the printout has been manifestly or consistently acted on, relied on or used as a record of the information recorded or stored in the printout.
Section 31.1 Canadian Evidence Act ( Authentication of electronic documents)
Section 31 Canadian Evidence Act ( Definitions)