Section 66-67 of the Nigerian Labour Act 2004

Section 66-67 of the Nigerian Labour Act 2004

Section 66, 67 of the Nigerian Labour Act 2004 is under Part III (Special Classes Of Worker And Miscellaneous Special Provisions) of the act, and collectively titled ‘Labour health areas‘.

Section 66 of the Labour Act 2004

Labour health areas

Where the Minister is satisfied that an industrial or agricultural undertaking is situated in an area which, having regard to the existing medical and health conditions and facilities, water supplies and communications, is remote and isolated, he may by order declare the area a labour health area; and, during the period of employment of any worker in a labour health area, the employer shall provide such facilities and make such arrangements as may be specified by regulations made under section 67 of this Act, and shall otherwise comply with the requirements of any such regulations.

Section 67 of the Labour Act 2004


The Minister, in respect of labour health areas or any particular labour health area, may make regulations for-( (a) the planning and layout of towns and villages;
(b) the construction of streets, lanes, buildings, markets, open places, drains, latrines, incinerators, wells and tanks;

(c) the provision of housing accommodation for workers, the provision of sanitary arrangements for, and the inspection of, that accommodation, and the limitation of the number of persons or class of persons who may reside in any house;
(d) the supply of water, food and fuel;
(e) the examination of workers by medical officers, that is to say, registered medical practitioners in the service of a public authority or other registered medical practitioners authorized as medical officers by the Minister for the purposes of this paragraph;

(f) the measures to be taken to prevent the introduction or spreading of infectious and contagious diseases;
(g) the compulsory employment of qualified medical practitioners by employers;
(h) the compulsory erection and proper staffing, control and equipping of hospitals by employers and, in default thereof, the recovery from employers of the cost of medical attendance provided by the Federal Government and of the erection and maintenance of any hospitals erected by that Government;
(i) requiring employers to make arrangements with hospital authorities for the medical and surgical treatment of their workers (including, where necessary, accommodation and food in hospital) and to provide any necessary transport for sick or injured workers;
(j) prescribing-
(i) the matters for which the arrangements mentioned in the preceding paragraph shall provide,
(ii) the officer by whom those arrangements are to be approved, and
(iii) the charges which may be made by the hospital authority and the period (not exceeding six weeks) for which the employer shall be liable for those charges;

(k) the keeping of medical attendance registers;
(l) the furnishing of returns of-
(i) the numbers of workers employed either above or below ground and the nature of their employment,
(ii) casualties by way of injury, disease or death, and
(iii) such other matters as the Minister may consider necessary to ensure that the health and welfare of workers are properly attended to;
(m) prescribing fees to be paid for any matter or thing to be done under the regulations;
(n) prescribing-
(i) penalties for offences under the regulations not exceeding a fine of N1,500 or imprisonment for a period of two years, or both, and
(ii) additional penalties for continuing offences not exceeding in the aggregate a fine of N1,500 or imprisonment for a period of two years, or both; and

(o) where any structure is built, renewed, reconstructed or altered in contravention of the regulations-
(i) providing for the service of notice of the contravention on the offending person,
(ii) enabling a specified officer or authority, in default of remedial action being taken in consequence of the notice, to enter the relevant premises and take such remedial action as he considers necessary, and
(iii) providing for the recovery of any expenses incurred by the officer or authority in doing so.


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