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Home » United Nations » United Nations Security Council Resolution 1633 – Côte d’Ivoire

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1633 – Côte d’Ivoire

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1633 – Côte d’Ivoire

Resolution 1633 (2005)

The Security Council,

Recalling its previous resolutions and statements of its President relating to the situation in Côte d’Ivoire,

Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and unity of Côte d’Ivoire, and recalling the importance of the principles of good neighbourliness, non-interference and regional cooperation,

Recalling that it endorsed the Agreement signed by the Ivorian political forces in Linas-Marcoussis on 24 January 2003 (S/2003/99) (the Linas-MarcoussisAgreement) approved by the Conference of Heads of State on Côte d’Ivoire, held inParis on 25 and 26 January 2003, the Agreement signed in Accra on 30 July 2004(the Accra III Agreement) and the Agreement signed in Pretoria on 6 April 2005(the Pretoria Agreement),

Reaffirming that the Linas-Marcoussis, Accra III and Pretoria Agreements Remain the appropriate framework for the peaceful and lasting solution to the crisis in Côte d’Ivoire,

Having taken note of the decision of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union adopted at its 40th meeting at the level of the Heads of State and Government held on 6 October 2005 in Addis Ababa (“the decision of the Peace andSecurity Council”) (S/2005/639),

Having taken note also of the creation of an International Working Group atministerial level (“the International Working Group”) and of a day-to-day mediation undertaken by representatives of the international working group (“the MediationGroup”),

Having heard on 13 October 2005 a briefing by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Nigeria and the Commissioner for Peace and Security of the African Union on behalf of the African Union, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and the High Representative for elections,

Expressing its serious concern at the persistence of the crisis and the deterioration of the situation in Côte d’Ivoire,

Reiterating its firm condemnation of all violations of human rights in Côted’Ivoire,

Determining that the situation in Côte d’Ivoire continues to pose a threat to international peace and security in the region,

Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,

1. Commends the continued efforts of the African Union, in particularPresident Olusegun Obasanjo of Nigeria, Chair of the African Union, and President Thabo Mbeki of the Republic of South Africa, Mediator of the African Union, The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the leaders of theregion to promote peace and stability in Côte d’Ivoire, and reiterates its full support for them;

2. Commends also the constant efforts of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Mr. Pierre Schori, and of the High Representative for the elections, Mr. Antonio Monteiro, and reiterates its full support for them, including for the arbitration and certification role of the High Representative for elections;

3. Reaffirms its endorsement of the observation of ECOWAS and of thePeace and Security Council on the end of the mandate of President Laurent Gbagboon 30 October 2005 and the impossibility of organizing presidential elections on thescheduled date, and of the decision of the Peace and Security Council, including itsdecision on the fact that President Gbagbo shall remain Head of State from31 October 2005 for a period not exceeding 12 months, and demands that all theparties signatories to the Linas-Marcoussis, Accra III and Pretoria Agreements aswell as all the Ivorian parties concerned implement it fully and without delay;

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4. Supports the establishment of the International Working Group at aministerial level and the Mediation Group, which should both be co-chaired by theSpecial Representative of the Secretary-General, urges the international workinggroup to meet as soon as possible, and affirms that the secretariat of theinternational working group shall be coordinated by the United Nations, inaccordance with paragraph 10, article (vi) of the decision of the Peace and Security Council;

5. Urges the Chairperson of the African Union, the Chairperson ofECOWAS and the African Union Mediator to consult immediately with all theIvorian parties in order to ensure that a new Prime Minister acceptable to all theIvorian parties signatories to the Linas-Marcoussis Agreement shall be appointed by31 October 2005, in accordance with paragraph 10, article (ii) of the decision of thePeace and Security Council, and to maintain close contact with the Secretary-General throughout the process;

6. Expresses its full support for paragraph 10, article (iii) of the decision ofthe Peace and Security Council which stresses that the Ministers shall beaccountable to the Prime Minister who shall have full authority over his or hercabinet;

7. Reiterates the importance of having all ministers to participate fully inthe Government of National Reconciliation as underscored in the statement by itspresident dated 25 May 2004 (S/PRST/2004/17), considers therefore that, when aminister is not participating fully in the Government of National Reconciliation, his or her portfolio should be assumed by the Prime Minister and requests theInternational Working Group to monitor closely the situation in this regard;

8. Stresses that the Prime Minister must have all the necessary powers according to the Linas-Marcoussis Agreement and all the governmental financial,material and human resources, particularly with regard to security, defence andelectoral matters, to ensure the effective functioning of the Government, toguarantee security and the redeployment of the administration and public servicesthroughout the territory of Côte d’Ivoire, to lead the programme of disarmament,demobilization and reintegration (DDR) and the operations of disarmament anddismantling of militias, and to ensure the fairness of the identification process andof voter registration, leading to the organization of free, open, fair and transparentelections, with the support of the United Nations;

9. Calls upon all Ivorian parties to ensure that the Prime Minister has allpowers and resources described in paragraph 8 above and faces no hindrance or difficulty in implementing his tasks;

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10. Requests the International Working Group, on the basis of paragraph 10,articles (iii) and (v) of the decision of the Peace and Security Council, to verify that the Prime Minister has all the necessary powers and resources described in paragraph 8 above and immediately to report to the Security Council any hindranceor difficulty which the Prime Minister may face in implementing his tasks and toidentify those responsible;

11. Invites the International Working Group, noting that the mandate of theNational Assembly will end by 16 December 2005, to consult with all the Ivorianparties, in liaison as appropriate with the Forum for National Dialogue as referred toin paragraph 11 of the decision of the Peace and Security Council, with a view to ensure that the Ivorian institutions function normally until the holding of the elections in Côte d’Ivoire, and to keep the Security Council and the Peace andSecurity Council of the African Union informed in that regard;

12. Considers, as noted by the Peace and Security Council in paragraph 9 ofits decision, that additional measures are required to expedite the implementation ofsome provisions of the Linas-Marcoussis, Accra III and Pretoria Agreements, inparticular the DDR process, the dismantling and disarmament of militias and thecreation of conditions for holding free, fair, open and transparent elections,including the identification process and the registration of voters;

13. Requests therefore the International Working Group to draw up as soon as possible a road map in consultation with all Ivorian parties, with a view to holdfree, fair, open and transparent elections as soon as possible and no later than31 October 2006, concerning in particular:

(a) The appointment of a new Prime Minister as provided for in paragraph 5above;

(b) The implementation of all outstanding issues as referred to in paragraph12 above, recalling in this regard that the concomitant implementation of theidentification process and of the cantonment of the forces, as provided for in thenational programme for disarmament, demobilization, reinsertion and rehabilitationsigned in Yamoussoukro on 14 May 2005, would expedite the creation of conditionsfor holding free, fair, open and transparent elections;

14. Demands that the Forces nouvelles proceed without delay with the DDRprogramme in order to facilitate the restoration of the authority of the Statethroughout the national territory, the reunification of the country and theorganization of the elections as soon as possible;

15. Affirms that the identification process must also start without delay;

16. Demands that all Ivorian parties stop all incitement to hatred and violence in radio and television broadcasting as well as in any other media;

17. Demands also the immediate disarmament and dismantling of militias throughout the national territory;

18. Recalls paragraphs 5 and 7 of the decision of the Peace and SecurityCouncil, and demands that all Ivorian parties refrain from any use of force andviolence, including against civilians, and foreigners, and from all kinds of disruptivestreet protests;

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19. Urges countries neighbouring Côte d’Ivoire to prevent any cross-bordermovement of combatants or arms into Côte d’Ivoire;

20. Reiterates its serious concern at all violations of human rights and international humanitarian law in Côte d’Ivoire, and urges the Ivorian authorities to investigate these violations without delay in order to put an end to impunity;

21. Condemns the serious attacks against the personnel of the United NationsOperation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) and the unacceptable obstacles to the freedom of movement of UNOCI and French forces, demands that all Ivorian parties cooperate fully in their operations, in particular by guaranteeing the safety, securityand freedom of movement of their personnel, as well as associated personnel,throughout the territory of Côte d’Ivoire, and affirms that any obstacle to theirfreedom of movement or to the full implementation of their mandates would not betolerated;

22. Takes note of paragraph 13 of the decision of the Peace and Security Council, recalls the statement of its President dated 14 October 2005(S/PRST/2005/49) and its decisions under resolution 1609 (2005) of 24 June 2005,including paragraphs 4, 5 and 6, and expresses its intention to review the troop levelof UNOCI by the end of UNOCI’s mandate on 24 January 2006, in the light of thesituation in Côte d’Ivoire;

23. Recalls paragraph 12 of the decision of the Peace and Security Council and its support for the individual measures provided for in paragraphs 9 and 11 of resolution 1572 (2004) of 15 November 2004, and reaffirms its readiness to impose those measures against any person who blocks the implementation of the peaceprocess, as defined in particular by the road map mentioned in paragraph 13 above,who is determined as responsible for serious violations of human rights andinternational humanitarian law in Côte d’Ivoire, who incites publicly hatred andviolence, or against any person or entity who is determined to be in violation of thearms embargo;

24. Urges the International Working Group, which shall receive regular reports from the Mediation Group, and the sanctions committee established by resolution 1572 (2004) of 15 November 2004 to evaluate, monitor and follow upclosely the progress made with regard to the issues mentioned in paragraphs 14 to 18 above;

25. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

Adopted by the Security Council at its 5288th meeting, on 21 October 2005.

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