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Home » United Nations » United Nations Security Council Resolution 1001 – UN Observer Mission in Liberia

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1001 – UN Observer Mission in Liberia

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1001 – UN Observer Mission in Liberia

Resolution 1001 (1995)

The Security Council,

Recalling its resolutions 788 (1992) of 19 November 1992, 813 (1993) of26 March 1993, 856 (1993) of 10 August 1993, 866 (1993) of 22 September 1993,911 (1994) of 21 April 1994, 950 (1994) of 21 October 1994, 972 (1995) of13 January 1995, and 985 (1995) of 13 April 1995,

Having considered the report of the Secretary-General dated 10 June 1995(S/1995/473), on the United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL),

Emphasizing that the people of Liberia bear the ultimate responsibility for achieving peace and national reconciliation,Commending the positive role of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in its continuing efforts to restore peace, security and stability in Liberia,

Welcoming the recent summit meeting of Heads of State and Government of the Committee of Nine on Liberia of the Economic Community of West African States,in Abuja, Nigeria from 17 to 20 May 1995,

Noting that a further concerted and harmonized effort by all concerned,including the ECOWAS States, would be helpful to advance the peace process,

Concerned that the Liberian parties have so far failed to install theCouncil of State, re-establish an effective cease-fire and take concrete stepstowards the implementation of the other provisions of the Accra Agreement,

Deeply concerned also at the continuing inter- and intra-factional fighting in parts of Liberia, which has further worsened the plight of the civilian population, particularly in rural areas, as well as affected the ability of humanitarian agencies to provide relief,

Calling on the Liberian factions, especially the combatants, to respect the human rights of the civilian population and to respect international humanitarian law,

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Expressing great concern over the continued flow of arms into Liberia in violation of Security Council resolution 788 (1992),

Commending also those African States that have contributed troops to the ECOWAS Monitoring Group (ECOMOG), and those Member States that have provided assistance in support of the peace negotiations and the peace-keeping forces, including contributions to the Trust Fund for Liberia,

1. Welcomes the report of the Secretary-General dated 10 June 1995;

2. Stresses that continued international community support for the peaceprocess in Liberia, including the continued presence of UNOMIL, is contingent onimmediate actions by the Liberian parties to peacefully resolve theirdifferences and achieve national reconciliation;

3. Decides to extend the mandate of UNOMIL until 15 September 1995;

4. Urges that the Liberian parties use this period to make serious and substantial progress towards implementation of the Akosombo and Accra Agreements (S/1994/1174 and S/1995/7) and specifically to accomplish thefollowing steps:(a) Installation of the Council of State;(b) Re-establishment of a comprehensive and effective cease-fire;(c) Disengagement of all forces;(d) Creation of an agreed timetable and schedule for the implementation ofall other aspects of the agreements, in particular the disarmament process;

5. Declares its intention, after consideration of the report of the Secretary-General, that UNOMIL’s mandate would not be renewed by the Security Council on 15 September 1995, unless the steps in paragraph 4 above are complied with by that date;

6. Declares its readiness if significant progress in the peace process in Liberia regarding the steps in paragraph 4 above is achieved by 15 September 1995 to consider restoring UNOMIL to its full strength with appropriate adjustment of its mandate and the relationship with ECOMOG to enable these two operations to carry out their respective functions more effectively as well as to consider other aspects of post-conflict peace-building in Liberia;

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7. Urges the ECOWAS Ministers of the Committee of Nine as authorized by their Heads of State and Governments at the Abuja Summit of 17 to 20 May 1995, to reconvene a meeting of the Liberian parties and political leaders as soon as possible in order to finally resolve the outstanding issues of political settlement;

8. Urges Member States in the meantime to provide additional support forthe peace process in Liberia by contributing to the United Nations Trust Fundfor Liberia, and by providing financial, logistical and other assistance in support of the troops participating in ECOMOG in order to enable it to deployfully and to carry out its mandate, particularly with respect to encampment anddisarmament of the Liberian factions;

9. Requests the Secretary-General in this regard, to continue his efforts to obtain financial and logistical resources from Member States and urges those states that have pledged assistance to fulfil their commitments;

10. Reminds all States of their obligations to comply strictly with the embargo on all deliveries of weapons and military equipment to Liberiaimposed by resolution 788 (1992) and to bring all instances of violations ofthe arms embargo before the Committee established pursuant to resolution985 (1995);

11. Reaffirms the continued necessity for ECOMOG and UNOMIL to cooperatein fulfilling their respective mandates and to this end urges ECOMOG to enhanceits cooperation with UNOMIL at all levels to enable the mission to discharge itsmandate;

12. Urges ECOMOG in accordance with the agreement regarding the respectiveroles and responsibilities of UNOMIL and ECOMOG in the implementation of the Cotonou Agreement (S/26272), to take necessary action to provide security for UNOMIL observers and civilian staff;

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13. Demands once more, that all factions in Liberia strictly respect the status of ECOMOG and UNOMIL personnel, as well as organizations and agencies delivering humanitarian assistance throughout Liberia, and further demands that these factions facilitate such deliveries and that they strictly abide by applicable rules of international humanitarian law;

14. Commends the efforts made by Member States and humanitarian organizations in providing emergency humanitarian assistance and especially those of neighbouring countries in assisting Liberian refugees;

15. Urges the Organization of African Unity to continue its collaboration with ECOWAS in promoting the cause of peace in Liberia;

16. Expresses its appreciation to the Secretary-General and his Special Representative for their tireless efforts to bring peace and reconciliation to Liberia;

17. Requests the Secretary-General to continue, as described in his report, to review the level of personnel of UNOMIL, to adapt the practical implementation of the mandate and to report as appropriate;

18. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Security Council before 15 September 1995 on the situation in Liberia;

19. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

Adopted by the Security Council at its 3549th meeting,on 30 June 1995.

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