Section 19 Indian Penal Code
Section 19 of the Indian Penal Code 1860 is about ”Judge”. It is under CHAPTER II (GENERAL EXPLANATIONS) of the Code.
The word “Judge” denotes not only every person who is officially designated as a Judge, but also every person.
who is empowered by law to give, in any legal proceeding, civil or criminal, a definitive judgment, or a judgment which, if not appealed against, would be definitive, or a judgment which, if confirmed by some other authority, would be definitive, or
who is one of a body or persons, which body of persons is empowered by law to give such a judgment.
(a) A Collector exercising jurisdiction in a suit under Act 10 of 1859, is a Judge.
(b) A Magistrate exercising jurisdiction in respect of a charge on which he has power to sentence to fine or imprisonment, with or without appear, is a Judge.
(c) A member of a panchayat which has power, under 1Regulation VII, 1816, of the Madras Code, to try and determine suits, suits, is a Judge.
(d) A Magistrate exercising jurisdiction in respect of a charge on which he has power only to commit for trial to another Court, is not a Judge.