Section 188 Indian Contract Act 1872
Section 188 of the Indian Contract Act 1872 is about Extent of agent’s authority. It is under “Appointment and authority of agents” of CHAPTER X of the Act. CHAPTER X is titled AGENCY.
Extent of agent’s authority
An agent, having an authority to do an act, has authority to do every lawful thing which is necessary in order to do such act.
An agent having an authority to carry on a business, has authority to do every lawful thing necessary for the purpose, or usually done in the course, of conducting such business.
(a) A is employed by B, residing in London, to recover at Bombay a debt due to B. A may adopt any legal process necessary for the purpose of recovering the debt, and may give a valid discharge for the same.
(b) A constitutes B his agent to carry on his business of a shipbuilder. B may purchase timber and other materials, and hire workmen, for the purpose of carrying on the business.
Section 187 Indian Contract Act 1872 (Definitions of express and implied authority)