Article 93-96 Singapore Constitution 1963

Article 93-96 Constitution of Singapore 1963

Article 93, 93A, 94, 95, 96, of the Constitution of Singapore 1963, among others, are under Part VIII of the Constitution. Part VIII is titled The Judiciary.

Article 93 Singapore Constitution 1963

Judicial power of Singapore

The judicial power of Singapore shall be vested in a Supreme Court and in such subordinate courts as may be provided by any written law for the time being in force.

Article 93A Singapore Constitution 1963

Jurisdiction to determine questions as to validity of Presidential election

(1) All proceedings relating to the election of the President shall be heard and determined by the Chief Justice or by a Supreme Court Judge nominated by the Chief Justice for the purpose (referred to in this Constitution as the Election Judge).

(2) The Election Judge shall have the power to hear and determine and make such orders as provided by law on proceedings relating to the election of the President, and the decision of the Election Judge in any such proceedings shall be final.

See also  Article 105-111A Singapore Constitution 1963

(3) The procedure and practice in proceedings relating to the election of the President shall be regulated by rules which may be made by the Rules Committee constituted and appointed under section 80 of the Supreme Court of Judicature Act 1969.

Article 94 Singapore Constitution 1963

Constitution of Supreme Court

(1) The Supreme Court consists of —
(a) the Court of Appeal; and
(b) the High Court, which in turn consists of —
(i) the Appellate Division; and
(ii) the General Division.

(2) The Court of Appeal and the Divisions of the High Court have the jurisdiction and powers conferred on each of them by this Constitution and any other written law.

(3) The Court of Appeal consists of the Chief Justice and the Justices of the Court of Appeal.

(4) The Appellate Division of the High Court consists of the Chief Justice and the Judges of the Appellate Division.

(5) The General Division of the High Court consists of the Chief Justice and the Judges of the High Court.

(6) A Justice of the Court of Appeal, a Judge of the Appellate Division or a Judge of the High Court may, if required by the Chief Justice, sit in the Court of Appeal or a Division of the High Court established by clause (1) even if the Justice of the Court of Appeal, the Judge of the Appellate Division or the Judge of the High Court is not a member of the Court of Appeal or that Division of the High Court, as the case may be.

(7) A Judicial Commissioner, a Senior Judge or an International Judge may, subject to Article 95(7), (8), (9) and (10) and the terms of his appointment —
(a) sit in the General Division of the High Court; and
(b) if required by the Chief Justice, sit in the Appellate Division of the High Court or the Court of Appeal.

See also  Article 68-75 Singapore Constitution 1963

Article 95 Singapore Constitution 1963

Appointment of Supreme Court Judges, etc.

(1) The Chief Justice, the Justices of the Court of Appeal, the Judges of the Appellate Division and the Judges of the High Court shall be appointed by the President if he, acting in his discretion, concurs with the advice of the Prime Minister.

(2) The President may, if he, acting in his discretion, concurs with the advice of the Prime Minister, appoint a person who is 65 years of age or older and who is either qualified for appointment as a Supreme Court Judge or has ceased to be a Supreme Court Judge, to be the Chief Justice, a Justice of the Court of Appeal, a Judge of the Appellate Division or a Judge of the High Court for a specified period.

(3) [Deleted by Act 38 of 2019]

(4) In order to facilitate the disposal of business in the Supreme Court, the President may, if he, acting in his discretion, concurs with the advice of the Prime Minister —
(a) appoint a person who is qualified for appointment as a Supreme Court Judge to be a Judicial Commissioner;
(b) appoint a person who has ceased to be a Supreme Court Judge to be a Senior Judge; or
(c) appoint a person who, in the opinion of the Chief Justice, is a person with the necessary qualifications, experience and professional standing to be an International Judge.

(5) For the purposes of clause (4), a Judicial Commissioner, a Senior Judge or an International Judge may —
(a) be appointed to hear and determine a specific case only (subject to clause (10) for an International Judge); or
(b) be appointed for a specified period.

(6) Before tendering his advice as to an appointment under clause (1), (2) or (4), other than the appointment of the Chief Justice, the Prime Minister must consult the Chief Justice.

(7) A Judicial Commissioner appointed for a specified period may exercise the powers and perform the functions of a Judge of the High Court in any case or in respect of such classes of cases as the Chief Justice may specify.

See also  Article 157-166 Singapore Constitution 1963

(8) A Senior Judge and an International Judge appointed for a specified period may exercise the powers and perform the functions of a Judge of the High Court in such cases or classes of cases as the Chief Justice specifies under clause (9).

(9) The Chief Justice may —
(a) from time to time, require a Senior Judge appointed for a specified period to hear and determine any specific case, or such classes of cases as the Chief Justice may specify; and
(b) from time to time and subject to clause (10), require an International Judge appointed for a specified period to hear and determine any specific case, or such classes of cases as the Chief Justice may specify.

(10) The Legislature may by law limit the classes of cases that may be heard and determined by an International Judge.

(11) Anything done by a Judicial Commissioner, a Senior Judge or an International Judge when acting in accordance with the terms of his appointment shall have the same validity and effect as if done by a Judge of the High Court and, in respect thereof, the Judicial Commissioner, Senior Judge or International Judge (as the case may be) shall have the same powers and enjoy the same immunities as if he had been a Judge of the High Court.

Article 96 Singapore Constitution 1963

Qualifications of Supreme Court Judges

A person is qualified for appointment as a Supreme Court Judge if the person has for an aggregate period of 10 or more years been one or more of the following:
(a) a qualified person within the meaning of section 2 of the Legal Profession Act;
(b) an officer in the Singapore Judicial Service;
(c) an officer in the Singapore Legal Service.


See also:

Article 97-101 Singapore Constitution 1963

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